The Plateau, Plains, and Desert Of Pakistan.

The Plateau, Plains, and Desert Of Pakistan.

There are two plateaus in Pakistan.


  • Pothohar Plateau
  • The Pothohar Plateau
    The Pothohar Plateau is situated in the North of Islamabad between river Indus and river Jehlum with a height of 300 to 600 meters. River Swan is an important river on this plateau. It is rich in Minerals. The most important are salt, gypsum, limestone, Coal, and Mineral Oil. In the South of The Potohar Plateau, the Salt range lien in the District Jehlum, Chakwal, Kalabagh, and Mianwali. The famous Salt Min “Khewra” is also situated here. The average height of the Salt Range is 750 to 900 meters. The most important peak is Sakesar with 1527 meters high.
    Balochistan Plateau
    The Balochistan Plateau is situated in the South West of Pakistan. Its average height is 600 to 900 meters with a vast area of 34190 square kilometers. The Chaghi range lies to the North of this Plateau. Some ranges of low altitude are also here which include the Siachan range and Central Makran range. The famous Salt water lake “Hamoon Mashkhel” is also situated here.
    A vast, less steep, and comparatively even land surface is called a plain. We can divide the Indus Plain of Pakistan into two parts.
    Upper Indus Plain
    Lower Indus Plain
    Upper Indus Plain: It consists of the Province of Punjab. The river Indus and its tributaries i.e. the rivers Jehlum, Chenab, Ravi, and Satluj flow in it. The Upper Indus Plain spread over from Shiwalak Hills in the north and the Salt range in the south to Mithankot. The plain is 400 to 1200 feet high from the sea
    level River Indus and its tributaries divide this plain into Doaabes. They are between two rivers irrigated by them called Doaabes.
    Lower Indus Plain: The leveled plain of Sindh Province starts from Mithankot to the Arabian Sea in the South. The height of the plain decreases from 400 feet in the north to only 20 feet in the south. From Thatha to the Coast of the Arabian Sea, it starts making a delta and ends up in the Sea. Here the river Indus is divided into many branches making a delta. It includes the area of Run Kutch.
    3. DESERTS
    DESERTS In Pakistan some areas are deserts. Although these are parts of plains due to their unique features, these differ from plains. The surface of these areas is covered with sand dunes. Winds play a vital role in making the future of these areas. The shallow rainfall is a special sign of the desert area. The underground water level is very deep. Most of the people in this area are nomads.
    The famous deserts of Pakistan are as follows:-
  • Cholistan Desert South East Punjab
  • Nara and Tharparkar Desert South East Sindh
  • Chaghi and Kharan Desert West Balochistan
    THE COASTAL AREAS: In the south of Pakistan there is the Arabian Sea. The coastal area of Pakistan begins from Run Kutch in Sindh and stretches westward in Baluchistan to the border between Pakistan and Iran. Its total length is about 1046 Kilometers. It consists of two parts.
    1. Sindh Coast includes Karachi and Port Qasim
    2. Balochistan Coast includes Gowadar Port.

    I)What are the major plains in Pakistan, and what is their significance?
    ii)Which desert is located in Pakistan, and what are its unique features?
    iii)What is the significance of the Balochistan Plateau in Pakistan?
    iv)How do the plains, deserts, and plateaus of Pakistan impact the country’s climate?

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