Interesting Notes: Use of Verbs & Direct Indirect Speech

Interesting Notes: Use of Verbs & Direct Indirect Speech

Introduction “Use of Verb”

“Verbs are the engines of language, driving the meaning and action of our sentences. They are the words that express what is happening, has happened, or will happen in our lives. Without verbs, our language would be stagnant and lifeless. In this chapter, we will explore the different types of verbs, their functions, and how to use them effectively in our writing and speech. From action verbs that describe physical and mental actions, to linking verbs that connect ideas, and helping verbs that assist in forming tense and mood, we will delve into the world of verbs and discover how they bring our language to life. By mastering the use of verbs, you will be able to communicate your thoughts and ideas with clarity, precision, and power.”

Use of Verbs

  • Verbs
    • Action Verbs (Run, Jump, Read)
    • Linking Verbs (Be, Seem, Appear)
    • Helping Verbs (Will, Would, Shall)
    • Transitive Verbs (Write, Paint, Buy)
    • Intransitive Verbs (Sleep, Laugh, Cry)


Verbs are words that express actions, events, or states of being. They are the heart of a sentence, and without them, we can’t convey meaningful information.

Let’s break down the different types of verbs with examples:

  1. Action Verbs:
    These verbs show physical or mental actions.


  • I run every morning. (Physical action)
  • She thinks deeply about the problem. (Mental action)
  1. Linking Verbs:
    These verbs connect the subject with additional information.


  • He is a doctor. (Links “He” with “doctor”)
  • She seems happy today. (Links “She” with “happy”)
  1. Helping Verbs (Auxiliary Verbs):
    These verbs are used to help form the tense, mood, or voice of another verb.


  • I will attend the party tonight. (Helps form the future tense)
  • She would like to join the club. (Helps form the conditional mood)
  1. Transitive Verbs:
    These verbs take an object directly.


  • I wrote a letter to my friend. (Object: letter)
  • She painted a beautiful picture. (Object: picture)
  1. Intransitive Verbs:
    These verbs don’t take an object directly.


  • He sleeps soundly at night. (No object needed)
  • She laughed loudly at the joke. (No object needed)

Routine Life Examples:

  • I brush my teeth every morning (Action Verb).
  • She is a brilliant student (Linking Verb).
  • I will meet you at the park tomorrow (Helping Verb).
  • He bought a new phone yesterday (Transitive Verb).
  • She cried during the movie (Intransitive Verb).

Remember, understanding the different types of verbs and their uses will help you communicate more effectively in English. Practice identifying and using verbs correctly in your daily life, and you’ll become a pro in no time!

Direct and Indirect Speech

introduction :

“As we communicate with others, we often need to report what someone else has said. This can be done in two ways: directly, by quoting their exact words, or indirectly, by summarizing what they said. In this chapter, we will explore the rules and uses of Direct and Indirect Speech, and how to apply them in our writing and speaking.

By understanding the difference between these two forms of speech, we can improve our communication skills and avoid confusion or misinterpretation. So, let’s dive in and learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech effectively, and become clearer and more confident communicators. – Syeda Naqvi”

  • Speech
    • Direct Speech
      • Quotation Marks
      • Exact Words
    • Indirect Speech
      • Reported Speech
      • No Quotation Marks


Direct Speech:
Direct speech is when we quote someone’s exact words, using quotation marks.


  • “I’m going to the store,” said John. (Direct Speech)
  • She said, “I’ll meet you at 5 o’clock.” (Direct Speech)

In direct speech, we use the exact words spoken by the person, and we put them inside quotation marks.

Indirect Speech:
Indirect speech is when we report what someone said, without using their exact words.


  • John said he was going to the store. (Indirect Speech)
  • She told me she would meet me at 5 o’clock. (Indirect Speech)

In indirect speech, we don’t use quotation marks, and we change the words to report what was said.


  • Your friend says, “I’m feeling sick today.” (Direct Speech)
    • You report: My friend said she was feeling sick that day. (Indirect Speech)
  • Your teacher says, “The homework is due tomorrow.” (Direct Speech)
    • You report: The teacher said the homework was due the next day. (Indirect Speech)
  • Your mom says, “I’ll pick you up at 3 o’clock.” (Direct Speech)
    • You report: My mom said she would pick me up at 3 o’clock. (Indirect Speech)


  • Direct Speech uses quotation marks and exact words.
  • Indirect Speech reports what was said, without quotation marks.

By understanding the difference between Direct and Indirect Speech, you’ll be able to communicate more effectively and accurately report what others have said.

1 comment

comments user
Noman Khan

So great