Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) An Embodiment of Justice

Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) An Embodiment of Justice


  1. How can individuals attain perfection in moral, spiritual, and social aspects of life?

Answer: Achieving perfection in moral, spiritual, and social aspects involves seeking guidance from the exemplary life of the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (ﷺ) to attain goodness and success.

  1. How did the Rasool (ﷺ) establish high ideals for humanity?

Answer: The Rasool (ﷺ) established lofty ideals through his practical example, guiding people towards goodness, piety, and success across all facets of life.

  1. What convinced the people of Makkah of The Rasool’s (ﷺ) fairness even before his prophethood?

Answer: The people of Makkah acknowledged Hazrat Muhammad’s (ﷺ) fairness through his dealings as a young trader and his impartial conflict resolutions before his prophethood.

  1. What standards of justice did the Rasool (ﷺ) uphold as the head of Madinah?

Answer: As the head of Madinah, the Rasool (ﷺ) ensured justice and equity, deciding cases solely on merit regardless of differences in color, creed, or race.

  1. Why did non-Muslims bring their cases to the Rasool (ﷺ)?

Answer: The strict adherence of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) to the commandments of justice prompted non-Muslims to bring their cases, witnessing his just decisions according to their laws.

  1. How is the personality of the Rasool (ﷺ) described in the Holy Quran?

Answer: The Holy Quran depicts the Rasool (ﷺ) as an exemplary figure, serving as a good example for those seeking Allah and the Last Day, encouraging remembrance of Allah (33:21).

Concrete Noun & Abstract Noun

In the realm of language and grammar, nouns are words that denote people, places, things, or ideas. There are two primary categories of nouns: concrete nouns and abstract nouns.

  1. Concrete Nouns: Concrete nouns refer to things that have a physical existence and can be perceived through the senses—sight, touch, taste, hearing, or smell. They are tangible and can be experienced directly.
  2. Examples:
    • Table: You can see, touch, and use it.
    • Dog: An animal that can be seen, heard, touched, and interacted with.
    • Chocolate: Something you can taste and touch physically.
    • Rain: It’s something you can feel, see, and hear when it falls.
  3. Abstract Nouns: Abstract nouns, on the other hand, denote concepts, emotions, feelings, qualities, or ideas that are intangible and cannot be perceived through the senses. They represent things that are more theoretical or conceptual.
  4. Examples:
    • Love: An emotion or feeling that you can’t see or touch, but you can experience.
    • Justice: A concept that represents fairness, but it’s not something tangible.
    • Freedom: An idea or state of being that can’t be touched but is understood and valued.
    • Happiness: A feeling that can’t be held or seen but is experienced internally.

Noun Phrase

A noun phrase is a group of words centered around a noun. It includes modifiers (adjectives, determiners, or other nouns) that describe or give more information about the main noun in the phrase.

Here are examples of noun phrases within sentences:

  1. Simple Noun Phrase:
    • The black cat: “The black” (adjective phrase) describes “cat” (the main noun).
    • Her new car: “Her new” (possessive and adjective) modifies “car.”
  2. Noun Phrase with Modifiers:
    • The tall, ancient tree in the park: “The tall, ancient” (adjective modifiers) describes “tree,” and “in the park” provides additional information.
    • Several children from the neighborhood: “Several” (determiner) modifies “children,” and “from the neighborhood” specifies which children.
  3. Noun Phrase Acting as a Subject:
    • The beautiful sunset took everyone’s breath away: “The beautiful sunset” acts as the subject of the sentence.
    • Her intelligence and wit impressed the entire audience: “Her intelligence and wit” form the subject of the sentence.
  4. Noun Phrase Acting as an Object:
    • She bought a gorgeous dress for the party: “A gorgeous dress” is the object of the verb “bought.”
    • He gifted his wife a rare painting: “His wife” is the indirect object, and “a rare painting” is the direct object.

Noun phrases are versatile and can play different roles within sentences, functioning as subjects, objects, or simply providing additional information about the nouns they modify.

Past Indefinite Tense

The past indefinite tense, also known as the simple past tense, is used to describe actions that occurred and were completed at a specific point in the past. It’s often used to narrate events or actions that happened at a definite time in the past.

Here’s how the past indefinite tense is formed for regular verbs:

Positive Statements:

  • For most verbs, the past tense is formed by adding “-ed” to the base form of the verb:
    • Example: He walked to the store yesterday.
  • For verbs ending in “-e,” just add a “d”:
    • Example: She danced at the party all night.

Negative Statements:

  • Use the auxiliary verb “did” + “not” + base form of the verb to create negative sentences:
    • Example: They did not watch the movie last night.

Question Forms:

  • Use the auxiliary verb “did” + subject + base form of the verb for questions:
    • Example: Did you finish your homework on time?

Irregular Verbs:

  • There are also irregular verbs that don’t follow the regular “-ed” pattern:
    • Example: She went to the beach yesterday. (“Go” is an irregular verb, and its past tense doesn’t follow the regular “-ed” pattern.)

Key Points:

  • It refers to actions that started and ended in the past.
  • It often specifies a particular time frame when the action happened.
  • The time frame can be explicit (e.g., yesterday, last year) or implied by the context.

In summary, the past indefinite tense helps express completed actions in the past. It’s an essential tense for storytelling and recounting events that happened at a specific time in the past.

Past Continuous Tense

The past continuous tense, also known as the past progressive tense, is used to describe actions or events that were ongoing or in progress at a specific point in the past. It emphasizes the duration of an action that was happening at a particular time in the past.

Formation of the Past Continuous Tense:

  • Positive Statements:
    • Use the past tense of the verb “to be” (was/were) + the base form of the main verb + “-ing.”
      • Examples:
        • She was studying when the phone rang.
        • They were playing football at this time yesterday.
  • Negative Statements:
    • Use the past tense of the verb “to be” (was/were) + “not” + the base form of the main verb + “-ing.”
      • Examples:
        • He was not working on that project last week.
        • We were not watching TV at 9 PM.
  • Question Forms:
    • Use the past tense of the verb “to be” (was/were) + the subject + the base form of the main verb + “-ing.”
      • Examples:
        • Were you studying when I called you?
        • What were they doing at the park yesterday?

Uses of the Past Continuous Tense:

  1. Actions in Progress in the Past:
    • She was cooking dinner when the guests arrived.
    • They were chatting on the phone while I was working.
  2. Background Actions:
    • He was studying while his roommate was playing music.
    • I was reading a book while it was raining outside.
  3. Simultaneous Actions:
    • They were laughing and joking during the meeting.
    • She was singing while cleaning the house.
  4. Interrupted Actions:
    • I was watching TV when the power went out.
    • She was working on her computer when the phone rang.

The past continuous tense helps to set the scene or describe actions that were happening at a specific moment in the past or were in progress when another action occurred. It’s also used to describe simultaneous actions or to provide context for events that were ongoing.


Pronunciation refers to the way in which words are spoken or articulated, including the sounds, stress, rhythm, and intonation used when speaking a language. Accurate pronunciation is crucial for effective communication.

Here are some aspects of pronunciation with examples:

  1. Sounds and Phonetics:
    • Vowels: In English, there are short and long vowel sounds. Example: bit /ɪ/ (short “i”), beat /iː/ (long “ee”).
    • Consonants: There are various consonant sounds like /p/, /t/, /k/, /s/, etc. Example: pat, kit, song, sit.
  2. Stress and Syllables:
    • English words have stressed syllables, where the stress or emphasis is placed. Example: photograph, information.
  3. Rhythm and Intonation:
    • English has a rhythm based on stressed and unstressed syllables. Example: “I can’t go” (emphasis on “can’t”).
    • Intonation refers to the rise and fall of pitch in speech. Example: A rising intonation at the end of a sentence can turn a statement into a question.
  4. Word Linking and Connected Speech:
    • Words are often linked together in spoken language. Example: “I wanna go” (want to), “Didn’t you?” (did you not).
  5. Accent and Pronunciation Variations:
    • Different English accents have variations in pronunciation. Example: American English vs. British English in words like schedule (sked-yool vs. shed-yool).
  6. Common Pronunciation Challenges:
    • For non-native speakers, certain sounds might be challenging due to their absence in their native language. For example, the “th” sound (/θ/ and /ð/) can be tricky for some learners.

Improving pronunciation involves practice, listening, and mimicking native speakers. Tools like pronunciation guides, phonetic transcriptions, and language learning apps can aid in mastering accurate pronunciation.

For instance, using tools like the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) to learn the exact sounds of words or practicing with native speakers can significantly enhance pronunciation skills. Regular practice and exposure to the language in various contexts help in refining pronunciation.